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Saints and Virgins: Who's who? (4/7)

In front of certain tympanums, statues, columns, capitals or stained glass windows of   Romanesque or Gothic churches, we are sometimes unable to identify the characters represented.
However, there are simple means for recognizing them:

' Holy Veronica
Bernardo Strozzi (1625-30)
Oil on fabric. 168 X 118 cm.
Museum of Prado, Madrid.

The etymology of the name Veronica remains dubious.
Most probable would be that it comes from the Greek "pherenik", the one who brings  victory.
There is also a little more whimsical etymology which says Veronica means true icon , i.e., true image .

1: Whose face did Veronica dry  with a white linen and in which were engraved the imprint of his/her features?

Cthe Virgin Mary

2: It is not only the patron of the linen maids, but also of:

Adressmakers and ropemakers
The first name which was given to him at his baptism was Giovanni (Jean); but his father, a clothier and sales representative, returned from a voyage, and preferred the name Francesco (Francis).

3: Why?

ATo evoke that it had been a serf and that from now on he was "francus", i.e., free man

BBy superstition, it believed that to give him the name of the French currency he would be rich

CHe  traded with France

He founded, in 1209, the monastic order of the franciscains.
Famous for his taste for poverty, he is often represented in clothes with a hood,   naked feet in sand.
Because of his kindness towards the animals, Saint Francis.of Assisi is popularly called the "Saint with the birds" and he is often accompanied by birds, fish, ants, bees, rabbits, lambs, wolves, etc.

4: What happened to him after having made forty days of fast and prayer?

AHe succumbed to repeated temptations brought on by the Devil.

BThe marks of the crucifixion appeared on its body.

CHe finally died  of hunger

'Saint Francis of Asisi praying'
Bartolomew Esteban Murillo (1645-50)
Oil on fabric. 182 X 129 cm.
Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal, Antwerp.

Albrecht Drer
Engraving. 11,8 X 7,5 cm.

5: Who is this apostle  often represented with the saw which was used in his torment?


6: What does the nickname "the Zealot" mean?

Ccourageous or impetuous
7: What was Marie-madeleine when it met Christ?

Aa country-woman
Ba prostitute
Ca fish monger

Marie-madeleine, converted by Jesus, lived the town of Magdala.
The long hair is as well an erotic allusion to the female sensuality but also to the episode which tells how it sprinkled the feet of Jesus with her tears of repentance before wiping them with her hair.
The skull which she often holds in her hand symbolizes vanity as well as the mortal destiny  of  man, and testifies to her  detachment of the illusions of earthly things.
Marie Madeleine belonged to the women who followed Jesus and served him; and she was the first witness of the resurrection of Jesus.

8: What happened when Jesus, ressuscitated, appeared to her?

AShe threw herself at his feet and washed to him once again with its hair.

BShe fell  from fright and died a little of time afterwards  delirious

CShe did not recognize him and took him for the gardener

' Magdelene penitent'
Guido Reni (1635)
Oil on fabric.
Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore.

' the martyrdom of Saint Etienne' 
Peter Paul Rubens
Oil on fabric.
Museum of the Art schools, Valenciennes.

9: Etienne, name that comes  from the Greek "stephanos" (crown), is the same name as:


10: This great latin doctor of the Church  who died lapidated is the patron of?

Adeaf persons

page carried out on an idea of  David Tarradas Agea


dictionary of the saints
patron saint 01
patron saint 02
patron saint 03
Saint Franois 01
Saint Franois 02
Marie-madeleine 01
Marie-madeleine 02
St. Etienne 

Some interesting links: